The dispute among Freud and Jung is one of the most followed by the historical science media. As always in these cases, people tend to take sides for either one of the great scientists. As we are suggesting in this post, we should gratefully profit from both contributions and leave the Jung vs. Freud episode to them.
“His story is fascinating” I said, “and his ideas on psychology are considered innovative and very influential on today’s scientists and doctors. Many of them consider themselves “Jungians” practitioners”.
“… He was not only Dr. Freud disciple but also his close friend. The first time they met personally, in Vienna 1907, they chatted for thirteen hours. Freud considered Jung the heir of his creation; the psychoanalysis.
“… Five years later, their friendship would have come to an end and a very strong and very famous antagonism would have grown between them”
“Why? What happened?”
“Jung would disagree publicly with some Freud’s ideas in a famous conference held in the US; especially the ideas attributing all the mental related illness to sexual trauma. There must be more than one hinge in the universe, Jung would say.
“… Freud considered it treason. That brutal and sanctimonious Jung! Freud exclaimed”
“They acted like cheerleaders, if you ask me” Doris said.
“Yes” I said giggling. “They were an odd kind of primadonnas, but they both did contribute largely to the human knowledge.
“ … Like Freud, Jung created some of the best known concepts modern psychology uses, including the terms introvert and extrovert, the archetype, the collective unconscious, the complex, and synchronicity.
“… He founded the Analytical Psychology and proposed that everyone had a personal dilemma to solve: integrating his opposites through a psychological process he called Individuation.”
“What does integrating the opposites mean? It sounds a like something we learnt in math class.”
“According to Jung, we all have two sides of our personality; the one we show to the world, which everybody – including ourselves – can recognize, and another dark side we unconsciously hide deep within ourselves and nobody knows about.”
“Yes. I know a couple of people like that.”
“Jung believed that all of the psychological problems that people had to deal with came from the conflict between the two sides of the personality. Once the conflict was detected, the integration of the personalities into one could take place and the problem could be solved.”
“That makes sense but it’s not too innovative to me. That is, more or less, what we all think psychology is all about” Doris said.
“Maybe it is today, Doris, but Jung was the first one to propose the idea. Before him, psychology only had Freud’s psychoanalysis, which attributed all the psychological illness to traumas suffered in the early childhood. And before Freud, not even that.”
“How would they treat insane people then?”
“You don’t want to know, dear Doris, Let’s just say that society was ruled by fear and superstition until not so far away in the past. Depending of severity of their diseases, the mentally ill were ignored; keep isolated or submitted to brutal physical treatments and abusive chirurgical procedures.”
“You mean, like breaking into their heads?… literally?”
“In some cases, yes, but let’s drop the subject, shall we?”
“Ok, what are we talking about now?”
“Let’s return to Dr. Jung. The next time we meet, we will talk about some kind of information we receive while we sleep and how Mr. Jung himself experienced something that could be considered a dream travel.”
“Now, that’s interesting” Doris, said.
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